Did you know that penguins do not fear humans? And that emperor penguins bow to each other before mating? Penguins do not communicate through sound but though body language. Penguins are amazing creatures for having the ability to adapt to their living environment and climate changes. If you are interested in learning more about penguins, then here are some more facts to keep you interested.
Types Of Penguins
There are sixteen different species of penguins including African, Chinstrap, Emperor, Erect-Crested, Galapagos, Humboldt, Macaroni, Rock Hopper, Royal, Snares and Yellow-Eyed. They all live in the southern hemisphere from Antarctica all the way to New Zealand, Galapagos Islands, Africa and Australia.
Penguins are very social animals and a large colony is called a Rookery. As social animals, they have activities they do together including tobogganing, surfing and diving. They also work as a group to keep warm, raise babies, find food and avoid predators.
Penguins have a long list of predators, and since they live in many different locations, their predators list is long and variable. This list of predators includes leopard seals, sea lions, orcas, Australian Sea Eagle, ferrets, cats, snakes and foxes. Not only do penguins have predators, they are also predators. Penguins hunt fish, squid, krill and crustaceans for food.
Penguins spend most of their lives in water. They have a thick layer of blubber that keeps them warm with swimming. They are able to control blood flow through their fat. They have the most feathers per square inch than any other feathered creature; this helps them to keep warm when swimming. They can leap out of the water while swimming and can hold their breath up to twenty minutes. Baby penguins are born with soft down feathers and rely strictly on their parents for food until they get their waterproof juvenile feathers. Penguins may waddle when they walk but they can walk faster than humans.
The penguin’s predators are not the only ones that threaten their lives, there are human factors as well. Penguins are endangered by oil spills, water pollution and over harvesting of ocean fish.