We have all seen parrots. And usually when someone approaches a parrot, the first words they speak to the bird is “Polly want a cracker?” People are usually pleased to hear a parrot speak, and some can even sing. It is amazing to hear words come out of an animal, but parrots don’t really speak, they just have extremely good mimicking abilities. If you are interested in learning some more about these amazing creatures here are some more interesting facts.
Breeds of parrots
First, there are two types of parrots; one being the Cacatuidae, these have a movable head crest, a different skull type and also have gall bladders. The second type is Psittacidae, and these are the true parrots with very vibrant colors. There are several different breeds of parrots also including Macaws, Amazons, Lorikeets, Lovebirds, and Cockatoos.
Parrot fossils have been found in Europe that date back to the Eocene period, which is about 50 million years ago. Today’s parrots have a body structure with fossils dating back to about 23 million years. Their lifespan varies depending on the size of the parrot. The smaller parrots tend to live about ten to fifteen years; however larger parrots can live in excess of 75 years. Parrots typically hit maturity in one to four years.
Parrots come in many different sizes starting around 3.5 inches all the way up to 40 inches long. They also vary in weight from just a few ounces up to 3.5 lbs. Parrots have unusual feet as in they have zygodactyl feet, this is having two toes that point forward for the inner toes and two toes that point backward for the outer toes. These are great for parrots because it allows them to climb and makes them dexterous.
Parrot’s nesting and diet
Parrots typically nest in holes, either in a tree, ground tunnels, in rock cavities, and termite mounds. Very few parrots actually make stick nests. Parrots eat fruit, seeds, buds nectar pollen and occasionally insects. They also feed their young by regurgitation.
More on parrots: What do parrots eat?