Bees are common flying insects. They originate from the Apoidea family. Currently there are almost 20,000 known species of bees. However, the honey bees are the most familiar ones. Bees play a very important role in the ecology. They are one of the agents of nature responsible for pollination. To the humans and some other animals, bees are important for producing honey as well as beeswax.
Where can you find them?
Bees can be found in almost all the continents of the world, except for the Antarctica. They feed on pollen and nectar which are obtained from flowers. They have a long and complex tongue for this purpose. Other significant physical characteristics of the bees are their antennae. These antennae are divided in different segments. The male bees have antennae with 13 segments while the female bees have antennae with 12 segments.
How many pairs of wings do they have?
Bees have two pair of wings, the first one is slightly smaller than the other. Bees are generally considered as small insects. The smallest species of bees are called the Perdita minima, which is less than 2 millimeters long. The largest species of bees are the Megachile pluto which is about 39 millimeters long.
Are they social animals?
Bees are social insects and they live in colonies. Each colony has queen bees, worker bees and drone bees. Only the queen bee and the worker ones have the ability to sting. Bees make a sound which is known as buzz which is produced by their wings. Bees have strong senses. They can view almost all the colors except red. Different kinds of birds feed on bees.