Horses have digestive tools and systems that are similar to humans, which begs the question, “What do horses eat?” You may wonder what these amazing creatures eat, but it may be important to learn a little bit about the horse’s anatomy. Horses are large creatures so it is not hard to imagine that horses require a lot of food and nutrients in order to function.
Horses need a good diet
Also, considering all of the amazing things that horses can do, and the strain that they are sometimes put under, horses really need a good diet. Horses have 36 to 44 teeth in their mouths, which really helps them to chew their food. With their teeth, horses are able to chew a lot of food at one time. The information below will answer the question more specifically and you may learn something new!
Plants and legumes
Horses prefer to chew on plants and grass. Many horses can be found grazing in fields chomping on a clump of grass, and for the horses, this is a good food choice. They also like to eat legumes, which are foods like peanuts, peas, and sprouts. Because horses prefer legumes, farmers and horse raisers will often combine legumes with grass or hay to feed to the horses. The many teeth in the horse’s mouth really come in handy for eating these plants and legumes.
Horses enjoy eating fruit and vegetables as well! People have found that horses like apples and carrots, and these foods serve as healthy treats for horses. Sometimes, farmers will add salt to the fruit or food given to the horse because horses need a lot of sodium in their diet in order to function. Horses lose a lot of sodium in their daily diet because they have to drink a lot of water in order to stay hydrated. Without water, the horse’s energy can fail, but the water often lowers the sodium count in the horse’s body. Adding salt to the horse’s foods gives them the boost of sodium that they need.
More on horses: Facts about horses.